OTA Update for an ESPhome Device

After installing the ESPhome firmware to my SH-P01s I quickly noticed I had to update the firmware settings. It turned out that updating the firmware is easy after the device is running on ESPhome.

First I had to find out the IP of the device. I used nmap for this. First I connected my laptop to the same network with the relays and then:

$ nmap -sL

Starting Nmap 7.60 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2020-02-24 22:11 EET
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for relay_1.your.localdomain (
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for relay_2.your.localdomain (
Nmap scan report for
Nmap scan report for
Nmap done: 256 IP addresses (0 hosts up) scanned in 0.32 seconds

It was easy to find the relay 1 and its IP from the nmap output. Now I could edit the firmware configuration and re-compile the firmware. I used the dockerised version of ESPhome:

docker run --rm -v "${PWD}":/config -it esphome/esphome relay_1.yaml upload --upload-port

INFO Reading configuration relay_1.yaml…
INFO Connecting to
INFO Uploading relay_1/.pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.bin (428624 bytes)
Uploading: [============================================================] 100% Done…

INFO Waiting for result…
INFO OTA successful
INFO Successfully uploaded program.


Reflashing Deltaco Smartplug SH-P01 to Work With Home Assistant

This is a documentation of a ongoing work where I’m trying to get Deltaco Smartplug SH-P01 to work with Home Assistant.

Since the Home Assistant does not have a native support for the device I’m planning to:

  • Create an ESPhome firmware with the configuration I found from the Home Assistant discussion board
  • Flash the firmware with tuya-convert
  • Finally, control the device with Home Assistant

Creating ESPhome Firmware

Since I already had Docker installed on my laptop I entered

docker pull esphome/esphome

and got the ESPhome Docker image. After this I created relay_1.yaml with following content:

  name: relay_1
  platform: ESP8266
  board: esp01_1m

# Your WiFi SSID and passphrase is defined here
# https://esphome.io/components/wifi.html
  ssid: "YOUR_WLAN_SSID"

# Enable fallback hotspot (captive portal)
# In case the device can't connect the host defined above
# it starts to work as an access point with these settings
# https://esphome.io/components/captive_portal.html
    ssid: "Smartplug Deltaco 1"


# Enable logging

# Enable Home Assistant API
# https://esphome.io/components/api.html

# Enable Over The Air update component
# https://esphome.io/components/ota.html

  - platform: gpio
      number: GPIO13
      mode: INPUT_PULLUP
      inverted: True
    name: "Deltaco SH-P01 Button"
      - switch.toggle: deltaco_relay_1
  - platform: status
    name: "Deltaco SH-P01 Status"

  - platform: esp8266_pwm
    id: deltaco_smartplug_blue_led
      number: GPIO5
      inverted: True
  - platform: gpio
    name: "Deltaco SH-P01 Relay"
    id: deltaco_relay_1
    pin: GPIO12

  - platform: monochromatic
    name: "Deltaco SH-P01 blue LED"
    output: deltaco_smartplug_blue_led

This was taken from the discussion board referred above. All I needed to do was to edit the SSIDs and passwords and compile a new firmware:

docker run --rm -v "${PWD}":/config -it esphome/esphome relay_1.yaml compile

This printed a lot of debug information and ended with following lines:

Building .pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.bin
Retrieving maximum program size .pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.elf
Checking size .pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.elf
DATA: [===== ] 45.3% (used 37148 bytes from 81920 bytes)
PROGRAM: [==== ] 41.5% (used 425048 bytes from 1023984 bytes)
Creating BIN file ".pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.bin" using ".pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.elf"
========================= [SUCCESS] Took 29.83 seconds =========================
INFO Successfully compiled program.

And yes, the compiled firmware was at relay_1/.pioenvs/relay_1/firmware.bin! All I needed to do is to get this firmware to the device.

Flashing the Firmware with tuya-convert

The tuya-convert offers a docker image to make the flashing, but I could not make it work. Therefore I installed the script and required packages directly to my Ubuntu as instructed in the README:

git clone https://github.com/ct-Open-Source/tuya-convert
cd tuya-convert
nano -w config.txt
# Changed value WLAN to my device name, wlx7cdd901255af
# Enumerate your device names with "ifconfig"
sudo ./install_prereq.sh

At this point I disconnected by WLAN from the local access point so it was available for tuya-convert. I also copied the ESPhome firmware.bin to tuya-convert/files/relay_1.bin. Then it was time to start the flashing script:

sudo ./start_flash.txt

When instructed I joined my phone to new WLAN access point “vtrust-flash” and after this was done I reset my SH-P01. It took me a while to understand why it did not respond when I pressed the button for the magic 6 seconds. Finally it turned out that the device already had connected to the AP.

The script did the trick. First it downloaded the firmware backup and after that it asked which binary file I wanted to install. After a while the relay_1.bin was uploaded.

Installing Home Assistant

Since I have a Xen server I installed the Home Assistant to a fresh VM running Debian Stretch. The Home Assistant configuration was quite uneventful as everything went as planned.

Since the server and the SH-P01 were on the same network segment (same LAN) the switch was discovered right away. All I needed to do was to give the API password I defined in relay_1.yaml and wrote to the ESPhome firmware.

Everything worked: the relay, the light and the button.

Flashing More Devices

To add more devices just make a copy of the ESPhome configuration (relay_1.yaml) and edit the esphome:name -setting:

  name: relay_2
  platform: ESP8266
  board: esp01_1m

The device names must be unique and they’re used for example as a hostname of the device. Home Assistant creates its ID:s from device names (e.g. “Deltaco SH-P01 Relay” becomes “switch.deltaco_sh_p01_relay”). In case you’re worried about these entity ID:s you might want to give distinctive names to avoid overloading (“switch.deltaco_sh_p01_relay_2”, “switch.deltaco_sh_p01_relay_3” etc.). You might also want to change some of the passwords. After this just repeat the steps with the new firmware.

The sample configuration toggles the relay when the button is pressed. If you don’t want this behaviour but want to control the relays by the Home Assistant automations just remove this codeblock:

  - switch.toggle: deltaco_relay_1

Onsen UI + React Setup for Dummies

I wanted to try coding with Onsen UI and React combo. However, the setup instructions given in the Onsen UI tutorial were a bit chinese to me. It took me a while to get my repo ready for the coding. Here is how I did it.

First we need to initialise npm and install Webpack. npm is used to install JS libraries and Webpack packs them and your app to single package.

Init npm and install Webpack:

npm init -y
npm install webpack webpack-cli babel-loader css-loader file-loader style-loader --save

In package.json:

  • Remove "main":"index.js"
  • Add "private":"true"

Install Onsen UI:

npm install onsenui react-onsenui --save

Install React:

npm install react react-dom --save

Install Babel:

npm i @babel/core babel-loader @babel/preset-env @babel/preset-react --save

To .babelrc:

  "presets": ["@babel/preset-env", "@babel/preset-react"]

To webpack.config.js:

const path = require('path');

module.exports = {
  entry: './src/index.js',
  mode: 'production',
  module: {
    rules: [
        test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
        exclude: /node_modules/,
        use: {
          loader: "babel-loader"
        test: /\.css$/,
        use: [ 'style-loader', 'css-loader' ]
        test: /\.(eot|svg|ttf|woff|woff2)$/,
        loader: 'file-loader?name=fonts/[name].[ext]'
   output: {
     filename: 'main.js',
     path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist')

At this point you should put the Onsen UI Hello World files to their place.

To dist/index.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <meta charset="utf-8" />

  <div id="app"></div>

  <script src="main.js"></script>

To src/index.js:

var React = require('react');
var ReactDOM = require('react-dom');
var ons = require('onsenui');
var Ons = require('react-onsenui');

// Webpack CSS import
import 'onsenui/css/onsenui.css';
import 'onsenui/css/onsen-css-components.css';

class App extends React.Component {
  handleClick() {
    ons.notification.alert('Hello world!');

  render() {
    return (
        <Ons.Button onClick={this.handleClick}>Tap me!</Ons.Button>

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('app'));

Note that we have split the index.html in two parts. dist/index.html is HTML-only and all the code is located in src/index.js. Webpack will read the index.js and build a package containing the code and all required libraries to dist/main.js. This package is included by the dist/index.html.

Also the React.createClass used in the Onsen UI example has been replaced with the class App extends React.Component since the previous is obsolete.

All set? Build with webpack:

npx webpack --config webpack.config.js

Now open dist/index.html and profit!

Starting MariaDB on Ubuntu Bionic causes timeout

Starting MariaDB 10.1 causes timeout. Syslog says:

Apr  5 20:55:53 megis systemd[1]: Starting MariaDB 10.1.38 database server...
Apr  5 20:55:53 megis mysqld[6892]: 2019-04-05 20:55:53 140074458918016 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 10.1.38-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1) starting as process 6892 ...
Apr  5 20:55:54 megis kernel: [  980.249533] kauditd_printk_skb: 2 callbacks suppressed
Apr  5 20:55:54 megis kernel: [  980.249535] audit: type=1400 audit(1554486954.089:38): apparmor="DENIED" operation="sendmsg" info="Failed name lookup - disconnected path" error=-13 profile="/usr/sbin/mysqld" name="run/systemd/notify" pid=6892 comm="mysqld" requested_mask="w" denied_mask="w" fsuid=121 ouid=0
Apr  5 20:57:23 megis systemd[1]: mariadb.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.

There can be more lines where AppArmor says

audit(1554487043.725:40): apparmor="DENIED" operation="sendmsg" info="Failed name lookup - disconnected path" error=-13 profile="/usr/sbin/mysqld"

Some notes in the net suggest that you should set the TimeoutSec=infinity in the systemd configuration, but this did not help in my case. I had to disable the AppArmor for /usr/sbin/mysqld. It wasn’t enough to put it to complain mode. Here are the instructions:

Get apparmor-utils

If you can’t execute “sudo aa-disable” you have to install the AppArmor utilities:

sudo apt install apparmor-utils

Create AppArmor profile for MariaDB

By default the AppArmor profile for /usr/sbin/mysqld is empty which causes “aa-disable” to fail. Add following lines to “/etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin/mysqld”:

/usr/sbin/mysqld {

Disable AppArmor for /usr/sbin/mysqld

After this say:

sudo aa-disable /usr/sbin/mysqld

Writing keyboard layout for xorg – Notes

I had a privilege to be the first person in universe to implement Skolt Sami keyboard for Linux. I had two references:

The job was pretty straight-forward: change the keyboard combinations in the file.


The idea of xkb file is to translate keycodes to characters. The first step is to identify the keys in the keyboard. Each key produces its own keycode. For a start I used Figure 2 in this documentation to get an idea ofo the keycodes. However, my keyboard layout (and the documented Sami layout) differed from fig 2.

To get a keycode for a key:

$ xev -event keyboard

KeyRelease event, serial 28, synthetic NO, window 0x2200001,
 root 0x12d, subw 0x0, time 85909731, (-350,-52), root:(244,267),
 state 0x0, keycode 38 (keysym 0x61, a), same_screen YES,
 XLookupString gives 1 bytes: (61) "a"
 XFilterEvent returns: False

The xev utility gives you the keycodes but this code cannot be used as such in your xkb definitions where the keys are identified with a hex tuplet (e.g. AC01) or a tag (e.g. LSGT). To get your xkb-compliant key identifier:

$ xkbcomp :0 keyboad-mapping.txt
$ grep 38 keyboard-mapping.txt
 <AC01> = 38;
 <PROP> = 138;
 <I238> = 238;
 key <I238> { [ XF86KbdBrightnessUp ] };
 { [ 38, 18 ] },
 left= 382;

Wow! Now I know that A in my keyboard -> keycode 38 -> AC01 in xkb definition.

Characters not defined in keysymdef.h

Most of the xkb howtos I browsed explained that all the symbols are defined in the keysymdef.h. Well, that wasn’t the case with Sami characters. Instead of using the defined keyboard symbols I had to use Unicodes. Say we want to implement Đ character.

  1. If possible, try to get the character to a clipboard. I ended up using Windows implementation to get all three different hyphens right.
  2. Go to http://www.utf8-chartable.de/unicode-utf8-table.pl and locate the character there. This evil beast was hiding in the page “Latin Extended-A”.
  3. Get the Unicode code point (for Đ it is U+0110) which can be used in the xkb definition (“U0110”).

When implementing my second keyboard layout I found a search tool which helped me a lot in finding exotic characters. Workflow:

  1. Start a Windows with selected keyboard layout in a virtual machine. Start a Notepad.
  2. Push a key to see what character appears to the notepad. Copy and paste it to search tool.
  3. The Unicode number can be entered directly to the keyboard definition but I tried to find the symbol from the keysymdef.h whenever I could. It makes keyboard definition file more readable.
  4. Repeat with Shift+Key, AltGt+Key and Shift+AltGr+Key.


To avoid strange characters appear when you type the undefined combinations use “VoidSymbol”. So if you define keys like this:

 key <AC01> { [ a, A ] };
 key <AC02> { [ s, S ] };

and press AltGr+A or AltGt+Shift+S you might get some random characters To avoid these chars use VoidSymbol to make sure that no definions are inherited (or whatever neat feature causes this):

 key <AC01> { [ a, A, VoidSymbol, VoidSymbol ] };
 key <AC02> { [ s, S, VoidSymbol, VoidSymbol ] };

Using xrdp Desktop for Everyday Life (Ubuntu Xenial)

Preface: I Need the Latest xrdp

During the holidays the keyboard of my laptop started to indicate that there is no eternity in the world. And especially not among the cheapo laptops. Since a new laptop with a decent screen and processor would const a fortune, I decided to try another approach. Why don’t I install a desktop Linux to my Xen server and use it for daily tasks? In this setup the laptop wouldn’t need to have a capable processor.

I wanted a setup where the connection would be direct without any servers between. I don’t want anyone to follow my mediocre node.js stumbles or follow my bank sessions. TeamViewer and similar helpdesk tools are no-go.

I did some testing with NoMachine NX, but it felt a bit clumsy although the setup was painless. Using X was not sufficient option since you want to hear the sounds when watching YLE Areena, right?

Finally I ended up working with xrdp, a Linux realisation of Microsoft’s Remote Desktop Protocol. The protocol supports sound and its performance should be enough for multimedia. Well, it quickly turned out that the pre-packaged version of xrdp (the server) did not have support for sound. It didn’t support mouse wheel either which is another “must”. Thus I needed to compile the latest version myself.

The Beef: Compiling xrdp With Sound

Compiling xrdp

Get the source from xrdp site. My version was 0.9.4. First compile xrdp. Make sure you have build-essential installed and give it a try:

cd xorg/
sudo make install

Compiling X11 with RDP support

It turns out that the pre-packaged Xorg does not have RDP support and we need to compile X11 with RDP support as well:

apt-get install xsltproc flex bison libxml2-dev python-libxml2
cd xorg/X11R7.6/
./buildx default

Install (copy) the binary to /usr/local/bin as root:

cp rdp/X11rdp /usr/local/bin

Now start (again, as root):


By default xrdp server supports multiple session types. Since I want to provide the RDP protocol only I have to edit /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini. The session types are in the bottom (after [Channels] section).

Leave only X11rdp connection type:


Getting sound to work

Building Pulseaudio sound modules requires a bit extra work.

First, get the version of your Pulseaudio installation:

$ pulseaudio --version
pulseaudio 8.0

Get the pulseaudio source and unpack it somewhere. I used ~/src/pulseaudio and now I have ~/src/pulseaudio/pulseaudio-8.0. Now go to forementioned directory and compile your Pulseaudio:

apt-get install intltool libjson-c-dev libsndfile1-dev
./configure --without-caps

Now back to xrdp:

cd xrdp/sesman/chansrv/pulse

Edit PULSE_DIR (in xrdp/sesman/chansrv/pulse/Makefile) to point to the path you have your Pulseaudio source. In my example:

PULSE_DIR = /home/matti/src/pulseaudio/pulseaudio-8.0

Then simply:


Now you have module-xrdp-sink.so and module-xrdp-source.so. Copy them to Pulseaudio libs (as root)

cp *.so /usr/lib/pulse-8.0/modules/

Add following lines to your /etc/pulse/default.pa:

load-module module-xrdp-sink
load-module module-xrdp-source
set-default-sink xrdp-sink
set-default-source xrdp-source

Note! In my case pavucontrol crashed the RDP connection for whatever reason. If you encounter problems you can list sinks and sources with these commands:

$ pacmd list-sinks | grep -e 'name:' -e 'index'
 * index: 1
 name: <xrdp-sink>
$ pacmd list-sources | grep -e 'name:' -e 'index'
 index: 1
 name: <xrdp-sink.monitor>
 * index: 2
 name: <xrdp-source>

You can restart the xrdp server by restarting xrdp and xrdp-sesman.

Linux Client

At this point your Linux desktop can be connected using Windows Remote Desktop Client. Since none of the pre-packaged rdp clients did not work, had lag or did not support sound i decided to build latest FreeRDP. I personally decided latest nightly build offered from their CI at https://ci.freerdp.com/job/freerdp-nightly-binaries/.

To open a connection I enter:

/opt/freerdp-nightly/bin/xfreerdp /kbd:0x0000041D /sound /v:[MY SERVER NAME]

The /kbd value uses Swedish keyboard layout. You can get the possible values by entering:

/opt/freerdp-nightly/bin/xfreerdp /kbd-list

You don’t need to edit the keyboard settings in the target machine. Actually editing them made FreeRDP to segfault.

Epilogue: Was it Worth it?

The original goal was to use the remote desktop as a workstation for daily use: browsing the Net, reading emails and doing some garage programming. Was this setup good enough for this?


There is slight lag with the display: when you close a window it can take 1-2 seconds before the screen updates. Changing the virtual desktop is sluggish. The mouse roller is inaccurate. I used this for one or two days and then destroyed the whole thing.


Reading PDF fields with Python/pdfminer

pdfminer is a PDF data extraction class written completely in Python. You can use it to extract data from PDF fields as well. However, doing so can be a headache since the form entries may have child objects which you should search as well. Most of the sample codes I found from the net did not do this properly or there were problems with the encoding of the strings.

Here is the sample code I wrote to demonstrate getting the data:

from argparse import ArgumentParser

from pdfminer.pdfparser import PDFParser 
from pdfminer.pdfdocument import PDFDocument

from pdfminer.pdftypes import resolve1, PDFObjRef

def load_form(filename):

    """Load pdf form contents into a nested list of name/value tuples"""

    with open(filename, 'rb') as file:
        parser = PDFParser(file)
        doc = PDFDocument(parser)
        return [load_fields(resolve1(f)) for f in

def load_fields(field, parent_var=None):

    """Recursively load form fields"""

    def escape_utf16(param_str):
        if type(param_str).__name__ == "PSLiteral":
            param_str = str(param_str)
        if isinstance(param_str, basestring) and param_str[:2] == "\xfe\xff":
            # If we have string with UTF-16 BOM remove BOM and null characters
            param_str = param_str[2:].translate(None, "\x00")
        if isinstance(param_str, basestring):
            # Encode all strings to UTF-8 (PDF uses ISO-8859-15)
            return param_str.decode("iso-8859-15").encode("utf-8") 
        return param_str
    form = field.get('Kids', None)

    if form:
        # This is a child form, recurse into
        new_parent = field.get('T')
        if parent_var:
            new_parent = parent_var+"."+new_parent
        return [load_fields(resolve1(f), new_parent) for f in form]
        # Some field types, like signatures, need extra resolving
        if (parent_var):
             return (parent_var+"."+field.get('T'), escape_utf16(resolve1(field.get('V'))))
             return (field.get('T'), escape_utf16(resolve1(field.get('V'))))

def flatten_form (deep_form):
    """ Flatten given form (from load_form()) to a dictionary """

    dict_form = {}
    for this_item in deep_form:
        if isinstance(this_item, list):
            this_flat_item = flatten_form(this_item)
            for this_key in this_flat_item.keys():
               dict_form[this_key] = this_flat_item[this_key]
            dict_form[this_item[0]] = this_item[1]

    return dict_form
def parse_cli():
    """Load command line arguments"""

    parser = ArgumentParser(description='Dump the form contents of a PDF.')

    parser.add_argument('file', metavar='pdf_form',
                    help='PDF Form to dump the contents of')

    return parser.parse_args()

def main():
    args = parse_cli()

    # Read form
    form = load_form(args.file)
    # Make a "flat" dictionary from the form data given by load_form()
    form_flat = flatten_form(form)
    # Print form data
    form_keys = form_flat.keys()
    for this_key in form_keys:
        if isinstance(form_flat[this_key], basestring):
            print this_key+": "+form_flat[this_key]
        elif form_flat[this_key] == None:
            print this_key+": None"
            print this_key+": Unprintable"
if __name__ == '__main__':

Configuring Chinese Ethernet-controllable 2-relay board

I bought some weeks ago a Ethernet-controllable 2-relay board. While my Chinese Top Seller could not provide any documentation for the item I had to find things myself.

The default IP for the device is To control the device with my Linux device I found a nice Python script sr-201-relay. Since we know the IP of the board we can get rest of the configuration:

$ python sr-201-relay.py config

Excellent! Now we can change the network settings to suit with my LAN:

$ python sr-201-relay.py gateway=
$ python sr-201-relay.py dns=
$ python sr-201-relay.py ip=
$ python sr-201-relay.py reset

First I tried to make sure the device does not reach Internet and finally I set a static IP from the correct LAN.

The script offers methods to turn relays on (closed) and off (open):

$ python sr-201-relay.py close:1
$ python sr-201-relay.py status
relay status: 1-closed 2-open 3-open 4-open 5-open 6-open 7-open 8-open
$ python sr-201-relay.py open:1
$ python sr-201-relay.py status
relay status: 1-open 2-open 3-open 4-open 5-open 6-open 7-open 8-open


Installing PEAR modules in cPanel environment

My current webhotel does not provide pear client and it tool a while to figure out how to install Pear modules to this environment.

wget http://pear.php.net/go-pear.phar
php go-pear.phar

In my case the default paths were OK. Make sure all paths are writable by you (typically starting with /home/youraccount). Press enter to continue. After installing some packages I got a warning:

WARNING! The include_path defined in the currently used php.ini does not
contain the PEAR PHP directory you just specified:
If the specified directory is also not in the include_path used by
your scripts, you will have problems getting any PEAR packages working.

Would you like to alter php.ini </usr/local/lib/php.ini>? [Y/n] :

Since this is not writable by you answer no. Now you’re given an important path:

Configured directory : /home/youraccount/pear/share/pear

You can add this to your php.ini but I decided to add this to my PHP script:

ini_set('include_path', '.'.PATH_SEPARATOR.'/home/youraccount/pear/share/pear');

Now you have the pear client at ~/pear/bin/pear and it can use used e.g. ~/pear/bin/pear install Auth

Merikartat ja peruskartat Androidiin (online)

Näillä ohjeilla voit tehdä Android-tabletille (tai puhelimelle) meri- ja peruskartat, joiden käyttö vaatii verkkoyhteyden. Sinun ei tarvitse ladata karttoja etukäteen. Voit halutessasi ladata kartat myös etukäteen.

Liikenneviraston karttapalvelusta ladattavat merikartat eivät sisällä saarien nimiä tai veneväyliä.


  1. Lataa Androidille kartat näyttävä ohjelma OruxMaps.
  2. Käynnistä OruxMaps.
  3. Valitse kartat > Vaihda kartta.
  4. Valitse yläreunasta WMS.
  5. Syötä haluamasi kartan URL (myös viimeinen kysymysmerkki) kohtaan “Syötä WMS URL”:
    1. Merikartta: https://julkinen.liikennevirasto.fi/s57/wms?
    2. Peruskartta: tiles.kartat.kapsi.fi/peruskartta?
    3. Taustakartta: tiles.kartat.kapsi.fi/taustakartta?
    4. Ortoilmakuvat: tiles.kartat.kapsi.fi/ortokuva?
  6. Napsauta OK.
  7. Valitse haluamasi karttatasot ja napsauta OK. Merikartassa valitse ainoastaan “Cell Layer”.
  8. Anna kohtaan “Syötä WMS ominaisuudet” Minimi zoomiksi 0 ja maksimi zoomiksi 20.
  9. Valitse “Välitallennus sallittu”.
  10. Anna kartan nimi -kohtaan lisäämäsi kartan nimi, esim. “Merikartta”. Tämä näkyy jatkossa karttavalikossasi.
  11. Napsauta “Luo”.

Kun olet lisännyt karttojen tiedot, saat ne käyttöön seuraavasti:

  1. Valitse kartat > Vaihda kartta.
  2. Valitse WMS-hakemisto (voit tarvittaessa sulkea KERROKSET ja MULTIMAPS napsauttamalla niitä).
  3. Napsauta lisäämääsi karttaa, esim. WMS:Merikartta.
  4. Nyt käytössäsi on valitsemasi kartta.